The concept of fluoride has been in buzz from the past many years. The buzz is mainly with regards to its merits and demerits and due to this reason it has become one of the controversial topics in medical science.
What is fluoride?
Fluoride is nothing but a mineral which is found naturally in soil, water and foods. It can also be produced synthetically and is used in drinking water, dental care products like tooth paste and various other chemical products.
As per a trusted website Healthline Water fluoridation was started in the US in the 1940's and about 70% of the US population currently receives fluoridated water. Although fluoridation is rare in Europe and many countries have decided to stop adding fluoride to public drinking water due to safety and efficacy concerns. As mentioned earlier the topic has been controversial therefore many people are also skeptical about the effectiveness of this intervention. Some claim that dental health should not be handled by "mass medication," but should be dealt with at the individual level.
Benefits of Fluoride in water:
Many water authorities add fluoride to the municipal water supply, because studies have shown that adding it in areas where fluoride levels in the water are low can reduce the problem of tooth decay.
Fluoride helps in the mineralization of your bones and teeth, which makes your teeth and bones strong.
Not many people around the world are serious about dental health check-up plus so many people can’t even afford the regular checkups therefore to overcome such problem providing naturally or artificially fluoridated water can reduce the problem of cavities and other dental related problem and it saves your money.
Disadvantages of Fluoride water
Everything we use in the world has two effects; positive and negative. We have read about the positive effects above but fluoride can cause negative effects also; if consumed in excess. The probable problems are dental fluorosis and skeletal fluorosis.
Dental fluorosis is characterized by visual changes in the appearance of teeth. The white spots on teeth are because of this only whereas in some severe cases it can result in brown stains as well as weakened teeth.
Skeletal Fluorosis is a bone disease that involves the accumulation of fluoride in the bone over many years. This disease is common in countries like India and China. It can result in stiffness and joint pain moreover in some severe cases it can result in altered bone structure.
Bone fracture : Some research states that their are enough evidence to prove that excess fluoride in water can weaken bone and raise the risk of fractures. However it is under specific conditions only.
Apart form these it is said that excess fluoride can lead to "Osteosarcoma" a rare type of bone cancer and this particular cancer generally affects the young individual and especially males.Although the point is completely debatable!
At last we can't make a clear conclusion about whether fluoride consumption is good or bad for our health mainly due to the ongoing controversies and research.But many qualified nutrients suggests to consume appropriate amount of fluoride in your diet as their health benefits are real!
It can prevent you from cavities and especially in country like India and China where the problem is surpassing.
But as a consumer we can take the early precautionary steps like installing a water purifier system at our home and offices.This will ensure not only premium quality water but also it will keep us safe.